The main findings of the Food & Agriculture Organization of the United Nations about the World Agriculture 2030 state that the world population will grow to 8.3 billion.
The growth in world demand for agricultural products is expected to slow down from an average of 2.2% per year to 1.5% yearly by 2030. Simultaneously, the developing countries would see slow growth in demand from 2.9% to only 2.5%.
According to the report, the world population will be well fed by 2030, and the number of hungry people in developing countries is expected to decline by 777 million to 440 million.
The consumption pattern is expected to shift towards high quality and more expensive food. Cereals, the most critical food source, will be required by an extra billion until the developing countries will be increasingly dependent on grains.
One-third of the entire world produced cereal is used as animal feed at an estimated 660 million tonnes. Still, it is reported that this consumption does not contribute to hunger & malnutrition.
Some countries might face land scarcity problems, but the expansion of farmland for food production will be slower than in the past.
As far as climate change is concerned, global food production by 2030 is likely to be small. Still, some countries, mainly in Africa, are likely to become more vulnerable to food insecurity.
Finally, as far as the technology is concerned, many such have emerged that can improve productivity and do not harm the environment like organic agriculture that could become an alternative for traditional agriculture involving the use of pesticides, breaking of soil, and a lot more.