Tea is a significant part of the culture not only in Turkey & Turkish diaspora but extends to Northern Cyprus & countries in the Balkan Peninsula. It is drank on every occasion, everywhere possible, and is low key nations primary beverage.
Traditional Turkish tea has been consumed in the region for ages, initially adopted as an alternative for coffee but only became common in the 1900's. it is full-flavored, strong, and offered in small tulip-shaped glasses.
Being among the largest tea producers in the world, most of the production in the region is that of Rize Tea grown in Rize province in Northern Turkey where it is said that Turkish tea does not require chemicals to protect it from diseased, snow in the region does it enabling the land to produce chemical-free quality tea.
Tea can be harvested 8-9 times a year in warm and rainy climates but sometimes it happens that in the cold in North of Turkey it allows only three harvests seasonally which naturally impacts prices making it somewhat lose its competitive edge at times making its price higher than worlds average standards.
Most of the population makes its living from the fields in the province. it produces 60% of countries total followed by Trabzon & Artvin.
The country consumes significantly more tea per capita than any other nationality almost 1300 cups per person a year and the majority of homegrown tea is utilized within the borders. Tea is grown in approximately 200000 acres in Turkey & it consumes at least 260000 metric tons per year.
Turkey exports tea to almost 86 countries Europe being the greatest portion in the presence of the vast majority of the Turkish population. Being one of the biggest producers still, its export numbers are comparatively small reason being the domestic demand that is almost 95% of total production.
To cater to the demand and regulate price as well as manufacture the country established its own benchmark company for tea production- Çaykur, it has near-monopoly over buying and processing that it controls 70% of the total tea market in the country.
As far as the imports are concerned, Turkey imposes a 145% tariff and an additional 18% tax on bulk tea & 8% on packet ones. But it has been a large importer of Ceylon tea even though it has been available in the country for over 50 years it imports it from surrounding countries like Syria and Iran.
Its Tea export revenue soared by 51% in the first quarter compared to last year. It earned over $ 3.8 million revenue with exporting to at least 75 countries in the first three months of 2020 according to Eastern Black Sea exports association data.