The Food & Agriculture Organization of the UN, in one of its reports, has highlighted that the demand for food & agriculture products will undergo structural changes.
The market has been continuously increasing since 2012 and is expected to increase by 50% by 2050. The report also mentions the pressure that this projection will bring on the agriculture sector and everything related to it.
If taken a peek into the future with a rough estimate, to feed people in 2050 for the next 40 years, the same amount of food is needed to be produced what was made in the last 8000 years, giving the little indication of the pressure on the food system in respect with the population growth, limited arable land, change in consumption behavior & climate crisis.
A ray of hope is found in Sustainable Production with fewer inputs of fertilizer, pesticides, water for the safety of food.
The security of the food system is one of the most prominent challenges which can be overcome only by efficiency.
Sustainable Agriculture is a type of farming that promotes ecological awareness while meeting supply needs. Its future seems bright as farmers, to a large extends, are converting to conventional practices, and demand for sustainable products are increasing too.
With the current agricultural practices, Greenhouse & Machinery emissions, Chemical treatment, Ecosystem failures, Pollution is constant.
There are several countries successfully moving forward in the direction of Sustainable Development, such as The NETHERLAND, where with close collaboration between governments, science organization & Industry, they are trying to produce a lot more on the land already being used with a fewer natural resources fulfilling its National Commitment to pay twice the amount of food with half the resources the country has become one of the topmost food exporters in the world.
In BALI, water resources and pest control are managed using social organization and sophisticated agroecology, especially rice. Some of the estimates within the country suggest that the farmers who use sustainable practices to grow the rice get high yields per hectare as farmers anywhere in the world.
The Caribbean Island CUBA, out of necessity, has become a leader in sustainable & urban agriculture practices. Being cut out from the supply of fertilizers, pesticides & other inputs, the country, by default, had to shift sustainable agricultural practices.
The future of Agriculture is in the hands of practices undertaken in the now. Sustainable Agriculture will not only put pure organic food in the plate of consumers but also cater to the ever-increasing demand. All these measures are taken for a better tomorrow in the field of Agro, considering today’s scenario, it is slowly becoming a global necessity.