Africa consumes more than 12 million tones of rice per year.
Other than Asia, Rice is a big part of the diet in West and Central Africa compared to any region in the world.
As the population is increasing, the consumption pattern is moved from other traditional cereals such as Sorghum & Millet. The per capita rice intake has also been improved since the '90s.
The demand for broken rice has increased more rapidly as it is a cheaper substitute. These are fragments of grains broken in the fields by the milling process; Mechanical Separators are used to separate them from the whole grains.
Broken ones are separated from white rice, the shape of which remains intact. In other words, it can be called as damaged white rice.
The relationship between Africa and broken rice is durable as it is eaten there since 1350.
Rice imports have always remained high; Broken rice is imported majorly from India. Low-cost bulk shiploads of 100% & 50% broken rice from Brazil & Uruguay make up about three-quarters of Senegal's annual imports of 1.4 million tones.
Even though Asian countries have been the most significant importers but big shipments to African countries in recent years have converted the region into the foremost destination of trade, especially for profoundly broken & parboiled rice.
Nigeria, Senegal and Côte d'Ivoire are among the most significant regions to consume rice. The area imported 8 million tonnes of rice in the first half of the 2000s, which was more than 30% of traded volumes up from 23 percent in 1990-1999, and data has been in an uptrend since then, not only imports but Cultivation has also increased in ESA region.
Other than being a luxury food, it has become the primary source of calories for the Urban population.
According to a survey based on Burkina Faso, the poorest of urban households obtain 33% of its cereal-based calories from rice. These findings have been proven right for several west African countries as well. Thus, availability & price of rice has become a significant determinant of the welfare of the poorest segments of African consumers who are the least food-secure.