The developing economy, Afghanistan never had a straight road towards growth. According to the CIA world fact-book, 78.6% of the Afghan population is employed in agriculture that also accounts for 25% of its GDP, more than half of citizenship earns its livelihood by farming. 3% of the land is forest, one-eighth of total solid ground that is arable from which half is utilized annually.
It has been since 2001, worlds leading illicit opium producer but in current times the farmers and officials believe more in growing Saffron to become a major global producer, which sells at up to $1500/kg in the western market and also in fruit & dry fruit production, it produces almost 1.5 million tonnes of fresh fruits including pomegranate, grapes, apples.
This progress has been significantly hampered by explosive violence of the Taliban, the fundamentalist political organization in the state of war within the country, through four decades that has severely obstructed what is considered as Afghanistan's backbone. Due to this struggle, the GDP fell from 71% in 1994 to 24% in 2013. Wheat industries destroyed, and for many years the country was dependent upon imports of wheat and its seed.
From 1996 to 2001, it had power over a large part of Afghanistan, was also involved in the Afghan civil war. The allies were responsible for 80% of civilian casualties since 2010 and two years after that in a row. This movement spread to most of the country until the Invasion of Afghanistan led by America in 2001.
The aftermath of every battle was that its annual import exceeded exports. Commodities like sugar, vegetables, oils & tea, and several food stocks were imported from Pakistan and Iran. In addition to the country's difficulties, a drought in the year 2000 killed four-fifth of livestock and damaged the remaining food production.
Following the defeat of the Taliban, the administration and interim government were left dependent on foreign aid & donor nations. Purchasing power after the Taliban era began to recover with the help of government revival programs for the improvement of the Agricultural sector, job creation, food security, and overall development.
The economy has improved crucially in the last decade with the help of billion-dollar infusion from international assistance. This was made possible after the fall of the Taliban, which resulted in a rising GDP rate of $70 billion.
The country has over $1 trillion unutilized mineral deposits and several growth factors. Despite continuous hindrance on war ends, have scope for extension after all.