In Myanmar, a variety of pulses are grown, but the ones that are most important for the country's economy are Black gram, Green mung beans, Chickpeas & Pigeon Peas.
Black Gram or Black Matpes were mainly grown in India but were introduced to other tropical areas such as Myanmar by Indian immigrants themselves. Today Myanmar has become one of the major exporting countries. It is grown in hilly regions of Kachin shan, Mon states, Dry areas of Mandalay, Sagaing, as well as in delta areas.
As far as 2020 is concerned, Myanmar holds stock of Black Matpes, which varies from 250,000 to 300,000 MT, out of which 100,000 MT can be easily exported to Nepal, UAE, Pakistan & Bangladesh. Around 50,000 MT, after being processed, could be transferred to other of its importers from the rest of the world.
The balance for Pigeon peas in Myanmar is 150,000 to 180,000 MT (including 2018, 2019, 2020 crop), out of which almost 25,000 MT is traded by Indian Millers (pending Licence).
As far as Chickpeas are concerned, the stock is almost around 75,000 Mt in the country, out of which Kabuli Chickpea might account for 40,000 to 50,000 Mt.
Reportedly Indian government has granted permission to import 400,000 tonnes of mung beans from Myanmar in the next fiscal of 2020-2021.
India is the world's top pulses consuming nation in the world. Myanmar is the number one source for pulse imports. According to some figures in the fiscal year 2018-2019, the country imported 700,000 MT of pulses from Myanmar, accounting for atleast 28% of India's total pulse imports in the year.
The government is also highly involved in the production of beans & pulses in Myanmar. Just two years ago, farmers were asked to reduce the production of Black Matpes and Pigeon Peas and shift to growing other crops due to India's import restriction on beans and pulses. Switch crops require a new market, so the government is considering drafting an agricultural master plan to identify the ideal cropping patterns based on crop supply, demand, and exports.
Exports from Myanmar are controlled by the Customs Department of the Ministry of Planning and Finance, which is responsible for assessing and collecting applicable taxes on exports and carrying out other regulatory and law enforcement responsibilities relating to exports (Myanmar National Trade Portal, 2019).