Jute, harvested from the stem & skin of its plant is regarded as the Golden Fiber because of its color and market value.
These Eco-friendly fibers such as cotton & Jute are shaping the culture of sustainability in the modern trading system. This agricultural asset is the second most important natural fiber in the world.
This low maintenance crop grows without too much water or even chemical fertilizers on the top of that fertility of the soil is increased if jute is grown in it thus, making it an idle for crop rotation.
Less land is required for its cultivation. It easily matures in less than four to six months even without little irrigation if enough water was provided through rainfall.
The fiber is extracted manually reducing the need for energy consumption and industrial processes but generating employment. It is also bio-degradable and the compost is sometimes used as organic fertilizer.
One hectare of the plant consumes 15 tonnes of carbon dioxide and releases 11 tonnes of oxygen. In every way, Jute is ecologically sound.
95% of this tropical plant is grown in India & Bangladesh. The former exports nearly 200000 tonnes of Jute products worldwide and the latter exports nearly 40% raw fiber and 50% as manufactured one from its whole production.
Extensively used for sacking and packaging of Agri goods even in bulk trade help reduce work of single-use plastic plus it is more organic, have high longevity, affordable, has a natural UV protection, and is recyclable. These days PP bags are widely used in trading which take almost 500 years to decompose and negatively impacts marine life, soil and overall environment, but since thousand years Jute bags have been used for grain shipment.
The two most traded products are jute bags and fabrics with a trade value of roughly USD 2 million & USD 800 million respectively. Not only jute is used in manufacturing bags, handicrafts, textiles, apparel & furnishings it is also used as a by-product in the cosmetic, medicine & paint industry and is a good substitute for forest wood & bamboo for boards, pulp & paper production.
If opted for jute fibers for paper & furniture production, millions of trees can be saved worldwide. Not only it is the best alternative for toxic waste, one hectare of field can produce much more fiber than any other crop, thus, but the production capacity of the plant is also very high and it can be harvested every 4 to 6 months that can produce 20 to 40 tons per hectare.
Jute is an insulin fiber and is used cloth-making for electrical works. It also has high tensile strength and can be blended with other natural or synthetic fibers.
Thus, this is surely one environment-friendly fiber with a million benefits.