In the global race, each country is trying to exclusively prepare the vaccine for Covid-19. Even though the vaccination development process normally take years, Researchers are aiming to provide immunization within 18 months or less.
Mass-production is as important as development. Academic institutions, public agencies & Pharmaceutical companies have prepared hundreds of pre-clinical vaccines, across more than a dozen countries where candidates are undergoing trials. Still, according to experts, it is too early to decide which will be successful for large scale manufacture.
The vaccine will only be developed through collaborative efforts of private pharma companies teaming up with universities and backed up by renowned organizations such as WHO & World bank with financial and production support.
The US first human trial began in March and has recently shown promising results that are set to launch in large scale testing. Such developments are also carried out by corporate like Johnson & Johnson, Inovio Pharmaceuticals.
Oxford University in partnership with AstraZeneca in the UK started human trials in April & large scale trials are set to begin in August. Clinical trials are taking place in countries like Germany, Canada, India, Japan, Russia, Singapore, & South Korea with pharma leaders like Pfizer, BioNtec, and more.
The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) indicated in April that a vaccine may be available under emergency use protocols in less than 12 months or by early 2021.
Recently, it has been announced that vaccine candidates were undergoing clinical trials with the beginning of phase three that is the step in which enough evidence is collected to prove that the project has been successful.
The question is can a Vaccine end the Pandemic? It can, but the biggest challenge would be to mass produce to cater billions of population. Brazil, India & China have large industries to do so but are also among the largest population. Thus, speculation about the future always remains the same.
We are most hopeful that once, the Vaccine is up there & approved before distribution & production, a wave of optimism might revive the International Trade & Logistical Operations.